Publication details

Výsledky retrospektivní analýzy cílené léčby metastatického karcinomu prsu trastuzumabem v MOÚ. Identifikace prediktivních faktorů.

Title in English A retrospective analysis of trastuzumab-based therapy in metastatic breast cancer patients at Masaryk Memorial Cancer Institute.


Year of publication 2009
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Klinická onkologie
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Medicine

Field Oncology and hematology
Keywords metastatic breast cancer;trastuzumab;HER-2 gene;serum HER-2 protein;time to progression;overall survival;prognosis
Description Trastuzumab is a humanized monoclonal antibody directed against the HER-2 receptor. Trastuzumab-based therapy significantly improves response rate (RR), time to progression (TTP) and overall survival (OS) for women with HER-2 positive metastatic breast cancer. Despite its initial efficacy, acquired resistance to trastuzumab develops in a majority of patients with MBC, and a large subset never responds, demonstrating primary resistance. The purpose of this retrospective study was to determine prognostic factors applicable to clinical practice. Methods: We enrolled 112 women with metastatic breast cancer, who started the trastuzumab-based therapy at Masaryk Memorial Cancer Institute until January 2007. Clinical and laboratory factors, such as: patients conditions, character of metastatic spread, histology, estrogen, progesterone and Her-2 receptor status, Her-2/neu gene amplification, and serum tumor markers CEA, CA 15-3 and extracellular domain of Her-2 receptor (S-HER-2 ECD) were monitored. The association of all factors to response to therapy, time to progression (TTP) and overall survival (OS) was assessed. Results: In 95% patients, the trastuzumab was combined with cytostatics (83% taxanes), 88,4% of patients started the trastuzumab as the first or second-line anticancer treatment. The median TTP was 284 days (9,3 months) and the median OS was 612 days (20,1 months) for all patients, RR was 54,5%. The highest RR was associated with the first-line treatment (p=0.0001) and with HER-2 gene/Chromosome 17 ratio above 2,2 (p=0,0092). Eleven patients (9,8%) discontinued the treatment because of toxicity, 7 patients did it as a result of cardiotoxicity (6,2%). CNS metastases occurred in 31 patients (27,7%). The S-HER-2 ECD was the most frequently elevated serum marker at the time of the treatment initialization (72,5%) and at the time of the progression (55,9%). Cox regression analysis identified S-HER-2 ECD levels at the beginning and between day 90 and 130 of the trastuzumab therapy as the best predictors of TTP. On the other hand the best predictor of OS was level of CEA before the treatment started and level of S-HER-2 ECD between day 90 and 130 of the trastuzumab therapy. Conclusions: We confirmed that the only one predictive marker for response to trastuzumab therapy is a proof of HER-2 tumor positivity.The highest prevalence of S-HER-2 ECD positivity among serum tumor markers and the strong association between initial and subsequent S-HER-2 ECD serum concentrations and time to progression and overall survival make the S-HER-2 ECD the most significant prognostic marker.

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