Project information

Re-emigration Czechs and Slovaks in 1918-1923

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Project Identification
GAP410/12/0142
Project Period
1/2012 - 12/2014
Investor / Pogramme / Project type
Czech Science Foundation
MU Faculty or unit
Faculty of Education
Keywords
Re-emigration, Czechs and Slovaks, 1918-1923

For complex description of migration processes in the Czech lands it is necessary to clarify the position of re-
emigration of the Czechs and Slovaks after World War I. Re-emigration of prewar emigrants leaving between
1918-1923 should include only 200 thousand returnees. We emphasize not only the statistical aspect of the
problem, but the lighting information given from multiple contexts that involve sta in both directions of
the processes of re-emigration and emigration. The task will be to clarify the grounds of re-emigration in the
worsening economic conditions of the postwar period. The most crucial motives of the postwar comebacks
are the creation of an independent state of the Czechs and Slovaks, the land reform in Czechoslovakia,
the postwar economic crisis and bad living conditions in the defeated countries. The output of the project
will be non-impacted articles in refereed journals, presentations at international scienti c conferences and a monograph issued by the Masaryk University.

Results

The project has filled in some gaps in our knowledge of the re-emigration and repatriation of Czechs and Slovaks from abroad after the First World War. The main cause for the re-emigration of Czechs and Slovaks who lived abroad before the war, particularly in the defeated states Germany and Austria and in Bolshevik Russia, were economic reasons. The repatriation of people who went abroad as a result of the war, first and foremost those in the Austro- Hungarian army who became prisoners of war, took place in parallel with this emigration. Many of them joined the Czechoslovak Legions. GA ČR Evaluation:The project has filled in some gaps in our knowledge of the re-emigration and repatriation of Czechs and Slovaks from abroad after the First World War. The project has shown that the re-emigration and repatriation of Czechs and Slovaks after the First World War were part of extensive migratory movements which took place in Europe as well as worldwide.

Publications

Total number of publications: 46


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