Publication details

Preliminary evidence for association between schizophrenia and polymorphisms in the regulatory Regions of the ADRA2A, DRD3 and SNAP-25 Genes



Year of publication 2013
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Psychiatry Research
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Science

Field Biochemistry
Keywords Schizophrenia; Adrenergic receptor; Dopamine receptor; Association
Description The results of linkage and candidate gene association studies have led to a range of hypotheses about the pathogenesis of schizophrenia. We limited our study to polymorphisms in candidate genes involved in dopaminergic and noradrenergic systems, and in the 25 KDa synaptosomal-associated protein (SNAP-25) gene that is related to neurotransmitter exocytosis. Eight single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in regulating or coding regions of genes for the alpha-2A adrenergic receptor (ADRA2A), dopamine receptors D1 and D3 (DRD1 and DRD3), dopamine beta-hydroxylase (DBH) and SNAP-25 were genotyped in male patients with schizophrenia (n=192) and in healthy controls (n=213). These polymorphisms were previously associated with schizophrenia. The allelic association between schizophrenia and ADRA2A rs1800544 polymorphism, SNAP-25 rs1503112 polymorphism, and DRD3 rs6280 polymorphism was found in our study. However, only obseivations for rs1503112 survived correction for multiple testing. Association was also evaluated by considering the polymorphisms as interactions; in this case, a likelihood ratio test (LRT) revealed evidence for association with schizophrenia in four polymorphism combinations: two DRD3*SNAP-25 combinations (rs6280*rs3746544 and rs6280*rs3746544, P=0.02), one ADRA2A*SNAP25 combination (rs1800544*rs3746544) and one ADRA2A*DBH combination (rs1800544*rs2519152). Our results are in agreement with the previously proposed role of DNA polymorphisms involved in dopaminergic, noradrenergic and synaptic functions in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia. Further relevant studies including larger sample size and more markers are needed to confirm our results. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
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