Publication details

An Enzymatic Method for Methanol Quantification in Methanol/Ethanol Mixtures with a Microtiter Plate Fluorometer

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Year of publication 2017
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Food Analytical Methods
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Science

Field Biochemistry
Keywords Methanol; Alcohol oxidase; Formaldehyde dehydrogenase; Diaphorase; Resazurin; Fluorescence
Description In response to the need for a rapid, high-throughput screening of methanol contamination in spirits, a new microplate-based assay was developed. In this assay, alcohol oxidase first oxidizes methanol to formaldehyde, which is further oxidized to formate by formaldehyde dehydrogenase while reducing NAD+ to NADH. The latter product then reacts with resazurin under catalysis by FerB, a diaphorase-type enzyme, to give the highly fluorescent resorufin. These reactions are run simultaneously in 200 uL final volume in a 96-well plate and quantified using a plate reader and fluorescence detector. It is shown that the rate of fluorescence change is related to methanol and ethanol concentrations according to the rate law for two competing substrates. Quantification of methanol in real samples is carried out by applying the standard additions technique with four different spiking concentrations of the methanol standard; methanol content in the sample is calculated from the x-intercept of the fitted line. The high activity of FerB with resazurin and low rate of further conversion of resorufin to non-fluorescent dihydroresorufin indicate that FerB may be advantageous over commercially available diaphorases for use in fluorescence enzyme assays.
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