Publication details

Evropská unie jako garant energetické bezpečnosti: principy evropské strategie energetické bezpečnosti a nástroje práva EU


ŠVEC Martin

Year of publication 2018
Type Appeared in Conference without Proceedings
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Law

Description Crises such as the European debt crisis, the European migrant crisis or Brexit are perceived by many as indicators of approaching collapse of the EU. However, author is of the opinion that these crises cannot not be necessarily associated with hypothetical collapse of the EU. Crisis should be understood as a moment when a system faces new global or regional challenges. It requires appropriate response of the system in order to turn the crises into an opportunities. Since the EU has successfully responded to all of its previous crises indicates its needed flexibility and strength. The Energy Union represents a successful example of EU's response to crisis. The EU has traditionally suffered from its energy dependency. 53% of the EU’s gross energy consumption in 2015 came from imported sources. Energy import dependency relates to crude oil (almost 90%), and to natural gas (66%). Disruptions of gas supplies in 2006 and 2009 strongly hit EU citizens in the eastern Member States. In response to the aforementioned energy crises, the EU adopted the European Energy Security Strategy (2014) and launched the Energy Union in 2015. Paper seeks to analyze principles of the European Energy Security Strategy, instruments of EU law as well as instruments of the European energy diplomacy.

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