Publication details

Immunosensing of the honeybee bacterial pathogen Melissococcus plutonius



Type Conference abstract
MU Faculty or unit

Central European Institute of Technology

Description Western honeybee is an invaluable pollinator of many agricultural crops. European Foulbrood caused by the bacterium Melissococcus plutonius is one of the most serious honeybee diseases. In case of an outbreak, an effective method for the diagnosis is necessary, preferably sensitive enough to detect the pathogen before clinical symptoms manifest. In this work, we have exploited the antibody-based approach to develop new methods for the detection of the germ. No commercial antibodies were available; therefore, a new polyclonal antibody was prepared. This allowed us to develop an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for bacteria confirmation in laboratory with the limit of detection (LOD) of 7.1×104 CFU·mL-1. We further improved the sensitivity 400× by utilizing click-conjugated photon-upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) as a label for luminescence readout. In the next part of the research aiming for a portable detection system, we have developed an electrochemical immunosensor utilizing horseradish peroxidase as a label. With the LOD of 6.6×104 CFU·mL-1 and analysis time of 2 h, this allows sensitive in-field detection to prevent infection spreading and subsequent losses of honeybee colonies.
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