Publication details

Influence of sputtered species ionisation on the hysteresis behaviour of reactive HiPIMS with oxygen admixture

Authors

FEKETE Matej BERNÁTOVÁ Katarína KLEIN Peter HNILICA Jaroslav VAŠINA Petr

Year of publication 2020
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Plasma Sources Science and Technology
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Science

Citation
Web https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1361-6595/ab5f2b/pdf
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1361-6595/ab5f2b
Keywords magnetron sputtering; reactive HiPIMS; ionisation fraction; titanium; oxygen
Description In this paper, the hysteresis behaviour of reactive magnetron sputtering process with oxygen admixture is studied by both experiment and model. The ground state number densities of titanium atoms and ions, and the deposition rates in high power impulse magnetron sputtering discharge were determined for a constant average applied power and pulse duration, while the repetition frequency and reactive gas supply were varied. The hysteresis curve reduced in width and shifted towards the lower oxygen supply with a decrease in the repetition frequency. These experimentally observed trends were well reproduced by a modified Berg model. The presented model utilised measured ionisation fraction of sputtered species and considered the back-attraction of the ionised sputtered species to the target. Significance of back–attraction process was observed as large fraction of ionised sputtered particles was found to be lost back to the target. This drastically decreased the number of particles deposited onto the substrate, which reduced not only the deposition rate, but also the gettering of the reactive gas. Consequently, the simulated hysteresis curve was shifted and reduced in width as it was observed experimentally.
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