Publication details

Natural forests of Pinus pinea in western Turkey: a priority for conservation


BONARI Gianmaria CHYTRÝ Kryštof ÇOBAN Süleyman CHYTRÝ Milan

Year of publication 2020
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Biodiversity and Conservation
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Science

Keywords Ecological niche; Habitat; Mediterranean; Pine; Pinus brutia; Soil
Description Identifying, surveying, monitoring and protecting natural forests is a major task in conservation biology. However, it is often challenging to identify which forest is natural, especially in human-altered regions such as the Mediterranean. Consequently, the distributions of natural Mediterranean forest types and their underlying factors are often unclear. Here, we attempt to explain the restricted and scattered distribution of natural Pinus pinea (Stone pine) forests in western Anatolia (Turkey) by comparing it with the distribution and ecology of the widespread Pinus brutia (Turkish pine) forests in this area. We used climatic and topographic predictors to test for differences between forests dominated by these two pine species. We modelled the realized niches of both pine species using the most relevant climatic predictors. Then, we compared soil data collected in the field, partly complemented with those published in the literature. We found small differences in climatic (precipitation and temperature) and topographic characteristics between the two forest types, which did not adequately explain the differences in the distribution range of P. brutia and P. pinea dominated forests. Our data suggest that these two forest types mainly differ in soil characteristics. The primary habitat of natural P. pinea forests is characterized by a low soil pH and calcium content. The rare occurrence of such soil conditions in western Anatolia likely shapes the scattered distribution of P. pinea forests. Our study suggests that natural P. pinea forests are rare habitats that should be in the focus of nature conservation. © 2020, Springer Nature B.V.
Related projects:

You are running an old browser version. We recommend updating your browser to its latest version.

More info