Publication details

Periodizace epišňůrového přikarptaského kulturního komplexu na Moravě a ve Slezsku

Title in English Internal Periodization of the Epicorded Carpathian Cultural Complex in Moravia and Silesia

PEŠKA Jaroslav KRÁLÍK Miroslav

Year of publication 2020
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Slovenská archeológia
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Science

Keywords Early Bronze Age; Epi-corded Carpathian Cultural Complex; Nitra Culture; Mierzanowice Culture; typochronology; multidimensional statistics; terminology; internal periodization
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Description The article summarises the previous research on the Epi-corded Carpathian Cultural Complex (ECCC) in Moravia and Silesia, particularly with respect to the currently used terminology and internal periodisation. Apart from typo-chronology also some methods of multidimensional statistics of several hundred grave complexes were used, whose results are mutually compared and correlated with a small series of absolute dates. Despite some inaccuracies or discrepancies, the earlier published postulates about the internal development of material culture of the ECCC were proved correct. The only representative of this development in East Moravia and in the southern part of Upper Silesia is the Nitra/Mierzanowice Culture (the formerly used Chłopice-Veselé Group/Culture represents 2 chronologically different stages). The culture is newly divided into 5 phases: Proto-Nitra Culture, Early Nitra Culture, Old, Classical and Post-classical Nitra Culture with clear characteristics of all phases, selected examples of typical representatives and distinction of 6 burial horizons in the cemetery of Holešov. Due to similarity of material, the Epi-corded finds north of the Moravian Gate and in Silesia are suggested to be classified as Mierzanowice Culture, and the finds south of the Moravian Gate and in SW Slovakia should be classified as Nitra Culture.
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