Publication details

Retracing evacuation strategy: A virtual reality game-based investigation into the influence of building’s spatial configuration in an emergency

Authors

SNOPKOVÁ Dajana UGWITZ Pavel STACHOŇ Zdeněk HLADÍK Jiří JUŘÍK Vojtěch KVARDA Ondřej KUBÍČEK Petr

Year of publication 2021
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Spatial Cognition & Computation
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Science

Citation
Web https://doi.org/10.1080/13875868.2021.1913497
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13875868.2021.1913497
Keywords indoor evacuation; spacesyntax; isovist; evacuation signage; virtual reality (VR)
Description During evacuation, individual navigation behavior is often dictated by the legibility of evacuation signs and the environmental setting itself. People tend to follow previously-used and known routes (to retrace) rather than follow evacuation signage. This has proven undesirable, even fatal, in emergencies and such behavior calls for a better understanding of the influencing factors. This contribution consists of a virtual reality experiment in which 72 participants evacuated from a hotel building in which the spatial configurations were altered. The tendency to retrace diminished when the evacuation route led through a wider, straight corridor, suggesting that the building’s spatial configuration has an important influence on retracing and should be more carefully considered in the design of buildings in and agent-based simulations.
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