Publication details

The APOE4 allele is associated with a decreased risk of retinopathy in type 2 diabetics

Authors

DLOUHA Lucie PELIKANOVA Terezie VELEBA Jiri ADAMKOVA Vera LANSKA Vera SOSNA Tomas PACAL Lukas KAŇKOVÁ Kateřina HUBACEK Jaroslav A.

Year of publication 2021
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source MOLECULAR BIOLOGY REPORTS
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Medicine

Citation
Web https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11033-021-06581-w
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11033-021-06581-w
Keywords Retinopathy; T2DM; Apolipoprotein E; Polymorphism; Gender
Description Background Common polymorphisms within the apolipoprotein E (APOE) gene are suggested to be associated with the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), but the potential association with T2DM complications (nephropathy, neuropathy and retinopathy) remains unclear. We perform the case-control study to analyse the association between the APOE polymorphism and risk of T2DM and to analysed the potential relationship between the APOE and T2DM complications. Methods and results APOE variants (rs429358 and rs7412) were genotyped by TaqMan assay in T2DM patients (N = 1274; N = 829 with complications including retinopathy, neuropathy and nephropathy status) and with PCR-RFLP in healthy nondiabetic controls (N = 2055). The comparison of subjects with genotypes associated with low plasma cholesterol (APOE2/E2 and APOE2/E3 carriers vs. others) did not show an association with T2DM (OR [95% CI] = 0.88 [0.71-1.08). The differences remained insignificant after adjusting for diabetes duration, sex and BMI. Carriers of at least one APOE4 allele (rs429358) are protected against T2DM related retinopathy (OR [95% CI] = 0.65 [0.42-0.99]. Protection against retinopathy is driven mostly by females (OR [95% CI] = 0.50 [0.25-0.99]); and remains significant (P = 0.044) after adjustment for diabetes duration and BMI. Conclusion Common APOE polymorphism was not associated with T2DM in the Czech population. Yet, APOE4 allele revealed an association with retinopathy. In particular, female T2DM patients with at least one APOE4 allele exhibit lower prevalence of retinopathy in our study subjects.
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