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Molekulární patofyziologie pozdních komplikací diabetu mellitus - genetická predispozice k rozvoji diabetických komplikaci

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Title in English Molecular pathophysiology of late diabetic complications - genetic predisposition to the development of diabetic complications

KAŇKOVÁ Kateřina

Year of publication 2005
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Vnitřní lékařství
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Medicine

Field Endocrinology, diabetology, metabolism, nutrition
Keywords diabetes; komplikace; nefropatie; asociace; polymorfizmus; komplexní onemocnění
Description Our contribution deals with a subject of genetic determination of susceptibility to the development of late diabetic complications, ways and means of its study and potential clinical application of this piece of knowledge for assessing of individual's risk. Existence of genetic risk factors for diabetic complications is supported by (i) data regarding the relationship between prevalence and incidence of complications on one hand and diabetes duration and compensation on the other, (ii) frequent proof of familiar aggregation and (iii) results of segregation analyses. Aforementioned facts apply almost exclusively to the diabetic nephropathy and macrovascular disease. Pathogenically, functional variability in relevant metabolic and hemodynamic parameters as a result of genetic variability seems to play a role. Genetic component of susceptibility to diabetic complications exhibits from the point of view of genetics features of so-called complex disease. We summarise meaningful and the most significant results of linkage and association studies of genetics of diabetic nephropathy and cardiovascular diseases accompanying diabetes in detail.
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