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Aplikace testu naturalistického chybného závěru G. E. Moora na koncept biocentrické etiky u A. Schweitzera a P. W. Taylora

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Title in English Application of the naturalistic fallacy test of G.E. Moore on the concept of biocentric ethics of A. Schweitzer and P.W. Taylor


Year of publication 2010
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Envigogika
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Social Studies

Field Philosophy and religion
Keywords naturalistic fallacy environmental ethics biocentrism anthropocentrism
Description Some philosophers have always wanted to move forward in our understanding of the moral world through a precise definition of good and bad. But (according to G.E. Moore) it must either end in a vicious circle or a so-called naturalistic fallacy. The basic question of this article is: Does Moore.s naturalistic fallacy also appear in our chosen representatives of environmental ethics philosophy? Analysis of two concepts of biocentric environmental ethics: Schweitzer.s teaching respect for life and Taylor.s Kantian biocentrism showed that while Schweitzer.s concept is starting to break with Moore.s Law, Taylor.s concept is affected only marginally by naturalistic fallacy and to a much lesser extent. This finding is important both for supporters of Moore.s concept based on naturalistic fallacy, and for environmental thinkers, can help accurately distinguish a biocentric anthropocentric approach and also derive conclusions relevant to the practice.
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