General Linguistics

"Through the language to the mind, through the mind to the language."

What will you learn?

The study of general linguistics opens for students the way for understanding language as a general and fundamental human tool, and naturally also for easier understanding particular languages, both in the sense of the description of inner structures and the function of language in the social context or its development. It is connected with the acquisition and cultivation of necessary analytical skills in the form of the given methodologies.

The students are acquainted with three methodologies: structural-functional, generative and formal linguistics. Their principles are explicated, the advantages of their use exemplified. At the same time the students are introduced into the fundamental principles of experimental research and its subsequent statistical evaluation (in this way linguistics follows the general direction of bringing humanities nearer to natural sciences). Attention is paid to all linguistic planes: phonetics and phonology, morphonology and morphology, syntax, semantics; special attention is also given to algebraic linguistics and statistics. In addition, the students gain knowledge about etymology and the history of linguistic methodology, and they also learn one or more languages depending on the type of their study.

The program is well suited for those interested in language in general: for those who have already inquired into linguistics or a concrete philology (special possibilities opens up particularly in combination with a concrete philology), as well as for those who are interested in studying language a tool for understanding the world (including those interested in mathematics and cybernetics).

Practical training

There is no required practical training.

Further information

Career opportunities

The graduates are prepared, provided they do not continue in another study, to capitalize on the acquired knowledge in practical work with language or languages (be it teaching, interpreting, translating, editorial proofreading work, journalism or others) and particularly in the fields needing good expression skills in the mother language or a foreign language and analytical thinking, and in general in any field requiring not only the use of language, but also the understanding of its structure.

Study options

Single-subject studies

Students have a pre-defined list of required courses, which are supplemented with selective and elective courses. The student pays full attention to the single field of study chosen.

Combined studies

In this type of studies, the students focus on the main degree programme (120 credits) supplemented with another, minor, programme (60 credits). The student enrols in the degree programme in which he/she majors. Both the programmes are stated in the university diploma. You will find possible combinations on the websites of individual degree programmes.​ An exception is programmes preparing students for teaching professions, where both fields of study are equal and the thesis may be written in any of them.

Recommended combinations

Combinations with programmes from Faculty of Arts

General Linguistics as a minor degree programme

Combinations with programmes from Faculty of Arts

Combinations with programmes from Faculty of Education

Combinations with programmes from Faculty of Economics and Administration

Combinations with programmes from Faculty of Informatics

Combinations with programmes from Faculty of Social Studies

Follow-up studies

The graduate of the bachelor’s general linguistics study program can enroll in the follow-up master’s degree study.

Study information

Provided by Faculty of Arts
Type of studies Bachelor's
Mode full-time Yes
combined No
Study options single-subject studies Yes
single-subject studies with specialization No
major/minor studies Yes
Standard length of studies 3 years
Language of instruction Czech

Do you have any questions?
Send us an e-mail

PhDr. Aleš Bičan, Ph.D.



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