Publication details

Synthesis and application of BODIPY-based fluorescent labeling tag for oligosaccharide and N-linked glycan analysis by high-performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection

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Year of publication 2024
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Analytica Chimica Acta
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Pharmacy

Keywords Oligosaccharides; Glycans; Labeling; BODIPY; Liquid chromatography; Fluorescence
Description Background: Glycosylation analysis is still challenging, not only because of the extreme structure complexity and conjugation diversity of glycans but also because of instrumental aspects such as the sensitivity limits of analyses. Therefore, glycan analysis by chromatographic methods is very often combined with fluorescence detection in addition to MS. The majority of fluorescent labeling employed before LC separation is based on 2-aminobenzamide, which has several disadvantages such as low labeling yield, poor fluorescence properties, and MS ionization efficiency. Therefore, even after several decades of development of new labels, there is still a need for new labeling tags with improved characteristics. Results: We present the application of a newly synthesized fluorescent label designed for oligosaccharide and glycan analysis by high-performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection (HPLC/FLD). The novel hydrazide derivative of dipyrrometheneboron difluoride (BODIPY) was synthesized from 2,4-dimethylpyrrole, methyl succinyl chloride, and boron trifluoride etherate followed by a reaction with hydrazine. The synthesized label was characterized by several analytical methods including NMR, UV/Vis and fluorescence spectroscopy, and mass spectrometry. The labeling reaction via hydrazone formation chemistry was optimized by labeling of maltooligosaccharide standards. The analysis of maltohexaose labeled by BODIPY-hydrazide followed by HPLC/ FLD analysis provided the limit of detection in the low tens of femtomole. The presented method based on fluorescence detection is at least 30 times more sensitive than the standard approach employing labeling by 2aminobenzamide. In addition, the labeling method by BODIPY-hydrazide was used for N -linked glycan profiling of several glycoproteins (ribonuclease B, immunoglobulin G) by RP-HPLC/FLD as well as HILIC/FLD analysis. Significance: This work represents the design, synthesis, and application of a new fluorescent label based on the BODIPY core and hydrazone formation chemistry for oligosaccharide and glycan analysis by HPLC/FLD. The proposed approach significantly improved the oligosaccharide and glycan analysis in comparison to the commonly used procedure employing 2-aminobenzamide.
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