Publication details

Selectively Oxidized Cellulose with Adjustable Molecular Weight for Controlled Release of Platinum Anticancer Drugs

Authors

MUNSTER Lukas FOJTŮ Michaela CAPAKOVA Zdenka VACULOVIČ Tomáš TVRDOŇOVÁ Michaela KURITKA Ivo MASAŘÍK Michal VICHA Jan

Year of publication 2019
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Biomacromolecules
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Medicine

Citation
Web http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.biomac.8b01807
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.biomac.8b01807
Keywords NMR CHEMICAL-SHIFTS; DENSITY-FUNCTIONAL THEORY; RELATIVISTIC DOUBLE-ZETA; HYALURONIC-ACID; DIALDEHYDE CELLULOSE; TRIPLE-ZETA; BASIS-SETS; PT-195 NMR; CISPLATIN; PERIODATE
Description The synthesis of selectively oxidized cellulose, 2,3-dicarboxycellulose (DCC), is optimized for preparation of highly oxidized material for biological applications, which includes control over the molecular weight of the product during its synthesis. Conjugates of DCC and cisplatin simultaneously offer a very high drug binding efficiency (>90%) and drug loading capacity (up to 50 wt %), while retaining good aqueous solubility. The adjustable molecular weight of the DCC together with variances in drug feeding ratio allows to optimize cisplatin release profiles from delayed (<2% of cisplatin released during 6 h) to classical burst release with more than 60% of cisplatin released after 24 h. The release rates are also pH-dependent (up to 2 times faster release at pH 5.5 than at pH 7.4), which allows to exploit the acidic nature of tumor microenvironment. Extensive in vitro studies were performed on eight different cell lines for two cisplatin-DCC conjugates with different release profiles. In comparison with free cisplatin, both cisplatin-DCC conjugates demonstrated considerably lower cytotoxicity toward healthy cells. Conjugates with burst release profiles were found more effective against prostate cell lines, while DCC conjugates with slower release were more cytotoxic against ovarian and lung carcinoma cell lines. In vivo studies indicated a significantly longer survival rate, a reduction in tumor volume, and a higher accumulation of platinum in tumors of mice treated with the cisplatin-DCC conjugate in comparison to those treated by free cisplatin.
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