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Dolní Věstonice IIa: Gravettian microstratigraphy, environment, and the origin of baked clay production in Moravia

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SVOBODA Jiří HLADILOVÁ Šárka HORÁČEK Ivan KAISER Jozef KRÁLÍK Miroslav NOVÁK Jan NOVÁK Martin POKORNÝ Petr SÁZELOVÁ Sandra SMOLÍKOVÁ Libuše ZIKMUND Tomáš

Rok publikování 2015
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj Quaternary International
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Přírodovědecká fakulta

Citace
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2014.06.048
Obor Archeologie, antropologie, etnologie
Klíčová slova Dolní Věstonice; Early Gravettian; Microstratigraphy; Environment; Burnt clay; Czech Republic
Popis Creating an overall scheme of Gravettian stratigraphy and chronology in the Middle Danube area is a matter of current debate. This paper addresses the formation of microstratigraphies at large open-air sites, evidence of the earliest Gravettian occupation in the Dolní Vestonice-Pavlov area, and occurrence of early ceramics from this context. The case presented here is a complex early Gravettian microstratigraphy of charcoal deposits at Dolní Vestonice IIa with a sequence of AMS dates between 28.4 and 31.7 ka uncal BP (30-33 ka cal BC) and two middle Gravettian (Pavlovian) dates from the nearby living floor. The associated environmental evidence of charcoal, pollen, molluscs, and vertebrates shows that climatic development through the six horizons was relatively stable, but with a certain variability in moisture and extension of forest. In horizon 3c, the molluscs and both small and large vertebrates indicate an episode of restricted forest formation around 28.4 ka uncal BP (30-31 ka cal BC). Baked clay (ceramic) fragments from horizon 3c represent the earliest dated items of this kind in the Gravettian. Microstratigraphies of this type demonstrate the complexity of cultural deposits at the large Gravettian sites and throw light on the hitherto poorly understood time-period of the early Gravettian in Moravia.
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