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Pleurozium schreberi as an ecological indicator of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in a heavily industrialized urban area

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KOSIOR Grzegorz KLÁNOVÁ Jana VAŇKOVÁ Lenka KUKUČKA Petr CHROPEŇOVÁ Mária BRUDZINSKA-KOSIOR Anna SAMECKA-CYMERMAN Aleksandra KOLON Krzysztof KEMPERS Alexander J.

Rok publikování 2015
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj Ecological Indicators
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Přírodovědecká fakulta

Citace
www http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1470160X14004117
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2014.09.003
Obor Znečištění a kontrola vzduchu
Klíčová slova Bioindication; Moss; Organic chemical industry; Pleurozium schreberi
Popis Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are toxic contaminants with a persistent character and adverse effects on humans and wildlife. Therefore, the deposition of these chemicals in vegetation must be carefully controlled. Our objective was to determine PBDE concentrations (BDEs 28, 47, 66, 85, 99, 100, 153, 154, 183 and 209) in Pleurozium schreberi collected in a heavily industrialized urban agglomeration. High PBDE concentrations in the moss confirm the presence of active sources of atmospheric pollution in an area tested. The distribution of these xenobiotics was related to the vegetation cover being lower in sites surrounded by forests which indicates that PBDEs may have a tendency to be trapped from the air by tree leaves and needles. Congener profiles in P. schreberi were dominated by BDE 209 which was for 79% (in case of the coke smelter) to 95% (in case of the chemical plant) part of the total PBDE burden in this moss. The principal component and classification analysis classifying the concentration of PBDEs in P. schreberi allowed us to distinguish the pattern of these compounds characteristic for the origin of pollution. P. schreberi may be used as a bioindicator for PBDEs in areas contaminated with these chemicals. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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