Informace o publikaci

Structure, solvent, and relativistic effects on the NMR chemical shifts in square-planar transition-metal complexes: assessment of DFT approaches

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Rok publikování 2015
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Středoevropský technologický institut

www DOI: 10.1039/C5CP04214C
Obor Fyzikální chemie a teoretická chemie
Klíčová slova Transition-metal complex; geometry; NMR chemical shift; relativistic DFT; gold; platinum
Přiložené soubory
Popis The role of various factors (structure, solvent, and relativistic treatment) was evaluated for square-planar 4d and 5d transition-metal complexes. The DFT approach for calculating the structures was calibrated using a cluster approach and compared to X-ray geometries, with the PBE0 functional (def2-TZVPP basis set) providing the best results, followed closely by the hybrid TPSSH and the MN12SX functional. Calculations of the NMR chemical shifts using the two-component (2c, Zeroth-Order Regular Approximation as implemented in ADF package) and four-component (4c, Dirac-Coulomb as implemented in ReSpect code) relativistic approaches were performed to analyze and demonstrate the importance of solvent corrections (2c) as well as a proper treatment of relativistic effects (4c). The importance of increased exact-exchange admixture in the functional (here PBE0) for reproducing the experimental data using the current implementation of the 2c approach is partly rationalized as a compensation for the missing exchange-correlation response kernel. The kernel contribution was identified to be about 15–20% of the spin-orbit-induced NMR chemical shift, DELTA(SO), which roughly corresponds to an increase in DELTA(SO) introduced by the artificially increased exact-exchange admixture in the functional. Finally, the role of individual effects (geometry, solvent, relativity) to NMR chemical shift is discussed in selected complexes. Although a fully relativistic DFT approach is still awaiting the implementation of GIAOs for hybrid functionals and an implicit solvent model, it nevertheless provides reliable NMR chemical shift data at an affordable computational cost. It is expected to outperform 2c approach, in particular for the calculation of NMR parameters in heavy element compounds.
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