Informace o publikaci

Fluvial vs. Aeolian origin of Pleistocene/Holocene dunes (South Moravia, Czech Republic)

Název česky Fluviální nebo eolický původ pleistocenních až holocenních dun na lokalitě Pohansko


Rok publikování 2017
Druh Článek ve sborníku
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Přírodovědecká fakulta

Obor Geologie a mineralogie
Popis The archaeological locality Pohansko (South Moravia, Czech Republic) represents evidence of a significant Early Medieval centre in the core area of the Great Moravian Empire, 9th century AD (interpreted as a munitio, emporium and palatium of the Moravian Early Medieval rulers). The site lies at an altitude of about 155 to 157 m a. s. l. and is situated within an extended flood plain near the confluence of the Morava and Dyje rivers filled with Holocene flood loams. The beginning of flood loam sedimentation is estimated to be about 3000-4000 BP at the initial phase of the Subboreal period. The marginal slopes of the valley protrude some 5 m above the flood plain and are composed of Middle Pleistocene (Riss) fluvial sandy gravels with Late Würmian dunes. In some places these dunes also protrude from under Holocene flood loams in the flood plain; one of them was used to build the Early Medieval fortified site. Originally the sand dunes had a height of between 6 and 8 m, but recently because of younger flood loam deposits, they are only 1-2 m above the flood plain. Some lower dunes were even buried under the flood loams. The bedrock of the Quaternary deposits in the area of Pohansko is represented by grey clays of the Pannonian Age (8.5-11.5 Ma) of the Vienna Basin. The yellowish to brownish fine to medium grained sands forming the dunes are traditionally interpreted as eolian in origin formed by wind-blown sands. Artificial newly outcropped profiles produced during the archaeological research were subjected to detailed lithofacies analyses. Morphoscopy of quartz grains were studied in selected samples. Age interpretations are based on optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) analyses. Based on these results, fluvial units predominate in the sedimentary succession and the dunes are interpreted as levees and point-bars. Aeolian origin of some part (?) of Pleistocene/Holocene dunes is therefore questioned. The dune could have originated in the Dryas III (Late Würm), i.e. 12 000-17000 BP and partly resedimented in the Holocene.
Související projekty:

Používáte starou verzi internetového prohlížeče. Doporučujeme aktualizovat Váš prohlížeč na nejnovější verzi.

Další info