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A complete Holocene climate and environment record for the Western Carpathians (Slovakia) derived from a tufa deposit

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DABKOWSKI Julie FRODLOVÁ Jitka HÁJEK Michal HÁJKOVÁ Petra PETR Libor FIORILLO Denis DUDOVÁ Lydie HORSÁK Michal

Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj The Holocene
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Přírodovědecká fakulta

Citace
WWW https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/0959683618816443
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0959683618816443
Klíčová slova 18O and 13C; calcareous tufas; Mg/Ca; palaeoclimates; rapid climate changes; Western Carpathians
Popis Calcareous tufas are great archives of geochemical information for the reconstruction of past climate. Their importance increases in the regions where other proxies are rare, such as Western Carpathians. Here, we present the first whole-Holocene palaeoclimatic reconstruction for this region based on geochemical proxies. We analysed O-18, C-13 and Mg/Ca ratio on tufa calcite of the Mituchovci site (White Carpathian Mountains, W Slovakia) and compared these with pollen, plant macrofossil and mollusc data. According to O-18, two distinct thermal maxima occurred in the region, around 11.4 ka and between 7.3 and 6.9 ka BP. According to C-13 and Mg/Ca ratio, a steep increase in moisture and rainfall took place around 8.5 ka cal. BP, preceded by a cold and dry event. These events are well reflected in the biotic proxies and are suggested also by other palaeoenvironmental studies from the Carpathians. We found some later fluctuations, with dry and warm Bronze Age (ca. 3.6 ka cal. BP), cold and wet Urnfield period (ca. 2.8 ka cal. BP), warm Roman period (ca. 2 ka cal. BP) and cold but humid Migration period (ca. 1.5 ka cal. BP). We observed extreme abruptness and amplitude of the variation in all geochemical proxies in the last 500 years, when biotic proxies imply a very intense human deforestation. Land-use changes may have altered both the temperature regime in the studied fen and the carbon cycle in the recharge area.
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