Informace o publikaci

Special footwear designed for pregnant women and its effect on kinematic gait parameters during pregnancy and postpartum period

Autoři

GIMUNOVÁ Marta ZVONAŘ Martin SEBERA Martin TURČÍNEK Pavel KOLÁŘOVÁ Kateřina

Rok publikování 2020
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj PLOS ONE
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Fakulta sportovních studií

Citace
www https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0232901
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0232901
Klíčová slova Pregnancy
Popis During pregnancy, an array of changes occurs in women body to enable the growth and development of the future baby and the consequent delivery. These changes are reflected in the range of motion of trunk, pelvis, lower limbs and other body segments, affect the locomotion and some of these changes may persist to the postpartum period. The aim of this study was to describe the changes affecting the gait during pregnancy and to determine the effect of tested footwear on kinematic gait characteristics during pregnancy as previous studies indicate that special orthopaedic insoles and footwear might be useful in prevention of the common musculoskeletal pain and discomfort related to pregnancy. Participants from the control group (n=18), without any intervention, and the experimental group (n=23), which was wearing the tested shoes, were measured at their 14, 28 and 37 gestational weeks and 28 weeks postpartum to capture the complete pregnancy-related changes in gait. The gait 3D kinematic data were obtained using Simi Motion System. The differences between the control and experimental group at the first data collection session in most of the analysed variables, as well as relatively high standard deviations of analysed variables indicate large individual differences in the gait pattern. The effect of tested footwear on kinematic gait pattern changes may be explained by its preventive effect against the foot arches falling. In the control group, changes associated previously with the foot arches falling and hindfoot hyperpronation were observed during advanced phases of pregnancy and postpartum, e.g. increase in knee flexion or increase in spinal curvature. For the comprehensive evaluation of the tested footwear on pregnancy gait pattern, future studies combining the kinematic and dynamic plantographic methods are needed.
Související projekty: