(Ne)závislosť na poli : kognitívny štýl či schopnosť?
|Druh||Článek v odborném periodiku|
|Časopis / Zdroj||TESTFÓRUM : Časopis pro psychologickou diagnostiku|
|Fakulta / Pracoviště MU|
|Klíčová slova||field dependence; cognitive style; cognitive ability; psychometrics|
|Popis||Presented short paper deals with testing of cognitive style of field dependence/independence by Herman Witkin. This cognitive style described in fifties was wildly criticized in last couple of decades. The criticism was aimed towards the definition of a cognitive style and also towards methods evaluating and testing this so called cognitive style. The paper describes various methods of testing this style and provides brief overview of a criticism of the concept. The main goal of this paper is to provide a historical overview of testing cognitive style of field dependence/independence and to evaluate test created for that purpose (Embedded Figures Test). The reader will find out that EFT is not a completely valid method of testing cognitive style mentioned above and there are some doubts about what this test is really measuring. EFT will be introduced from a slightly different angle, as an interesting method of testing spatial cognitive ability or general intelligence, but these new options of use of EFT require further research.|