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(Ne)závislosť na poli : kognitívny štýl či schopnosť?

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KRAJČÍKOVÁ Lenka

Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj TESTFÓRUM : Časopis pro psychologickou diagnostiku
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

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Citace
WWW http://testforum.cz/domains/testforum.cz/index.php/testforum/article/view/TF2018-10-175#.WnCLfq7iaUk
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.5817/TF2017-10-175
Obor Psychologie
Klíčová slova field dependence; cognitive style; cognitive ability; psychometrics
Popis Presented short paper deals with testing of cognitive style of field dependence/independence by Herman Witkin. This cognitive style described in fifties was wildly criticized in last couple of decades. The criticism was aimed towards the definition of a cognitive style and also towards methods evaluating and testing this so called cognitive style. The paper describes various methods of testing this style and provides brief overview of a criticism of the concept. The main goal of this paper is to provide a historical overview of testing cognitive style of field dependence/independence and to evaluate test created for that purpose (Embedded Figures Test). The reader will find out that EFT is not a completely valid method of testing cognitive style mentioned above and there are some doubts about what this test is really measuring. EFT will be introduced from a slightly different angle, as an interesting method of testing spatial cognitive ability or general intelligence, but these new options of use of EFT require further research.

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