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Revolatilisation of soil-accumulated pollutants triggered by the summer monsoon in India

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LAMMEL Gerhard DEGRENDELE Celine GUNTHE Sachin S. MU Qing MUTHALAGU Akila AUDY Ondřej BIJU Chelackal V. KUKUČKA Petr MULDER Marie Daniëlle OCTAVIANI Mega PŘIBYLOVÁ Petra SHAHPOURY Pourya STEMMLER Irene VALSAN Aswathy E.

Rok publikování 2018
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Přírodovědecká fakulta

Citace
www https://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/18/11031/2018/
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/acp-18-11031-2018
Klíčová slova PERSISTENT ORGANIC POLLUTANTS; POLYBROMINATED DIPHENYL ETHERS; ORGANOCHLORINE PESTICIDES; SOUTH-INDIA; POLYCHLORINATED-BIPHENYLS; AIR EXCHANGE; MULTICOMPARTMENTAL FATE; ATMOSPHERIC TRANSPORT; COASTAL ENVIRONMENT; TIBETAN PLATEAU
Popis Persistent organic pollutants that have accumulated in soils can be remobilised by volatilisation in response to chemical equilibrium with the atmosphere. Clean air masses from the Indian Ocean, advected with the onset of the summer monsoon, are found to reduce concentrations of hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH), dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) and its derivatives, endosulfan and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in air at a mountain site (all in the range 5-20 pg m(-3)) by 77 %, 70 %, 82 % and 45 %, respectively. The analysis of fugacities in soil and air suggest that the arrival of summer monsoon triggers net volatilisation or enhances ongoing revolatilisation of the now-banned chemicals HCH and PCBs from background soils in southern India. The response of the air-soil exchange was modelled using a regional air pollution model, WRF-Chem PAH/POP. The results suggest that the air is increasingly polluted during transport by the south-westerly monsoon winds across the subcontinent. Using a multidecadal multimedia mass balance model, it is found that air-surface exchange of HCH and DDT have declined since the ban of these substances from agriculture, but remobilisation of higher chlorinated PCBs may have reached a historical high, 40 years after peak emission.
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