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Puppets, Compatriots, and Souls in Heaven: A Critical Discourse Analysis of Chiang Kai-shek’s Early Wartime Rhetoric

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LAMS Lutgard LU Wei-lun

Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj Journal of Current Chinese Affairs
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Centrum jazykového vzdělávání

Citace
www https://journals.sub.uni-hamburg.de/giga/jcca/article/view/1174/1181
Klíčová slova Taiwan, Chiang Kai-shek, authoritarian discourse, discursive strategies, leadership discourse
Popis The study adopts a critical discourse analysis approach to Chiang Kai-shek’s (CKS) internal nationalist propaganda and authoritarian discourse practices, investigating his New Year and National Day speeches in the 1950s. Authoritarian characteristics are evident in strategies such as legitimation, reification, or myth-making, in the antagonist categorisation of Self versus Other, in Self-glorification and the idolisation of the dead, in the hegemonic creation of commonality and unity, and in the metaphorical conceptualisation of reality. Patterns of idolising the dead serve to impose and legitimise CKS’s worldview among his citizens. Another pattern is CKS’s invention of imaginary compatriots within the “enslaved China” waiting for the best time to overthrow the “bandits’” rule. Reference to these imaginary agents indirectly presents to his audience a false but better impression of the Self, and a dimmer view of the communist bandits. A third pattern is CKS’s metaphorical use of language, such as references to communist China as a puppet regime of Russia.