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How to reverse the decline of an empire? Two Byzantine case studies : Herakleios and Alexios Komnenos

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Název česky Ako zvrátiť úpadok ríše? Dva ukážkové prípady z byzantských dejín : Herakleios a Alexios Komnénos


Rok publikování 2016
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj Graeco-Latina Brunensia
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Filozofická fakulta

www Digitální knihovna FF
Obor Dějiny
Klíčová slova Byzantium; Herakleios; medieval; crisis; Alexios Komnenos; warfare
Popis Empires tend to have similar lives to those of living organisms. They are born, they grow, they prosper and flourish, and eventually they decline and fall. The same observation applies to the Byzantine Empire whose history is composed of a succession of periods of growth and decline. Yet, the Byzantine Empire, or Eastern Roman Empire, outlasted its Western counterpart by roughly one millennium. There were several deeply critical moments during this time span that threatened its very existence; nonetheless, the Byzantine Empire somehow recovered and survived, in albeit much diminished form, until 1453 when it was finally extinguished by the Ottoman Turks. Thus, two questions arise: how did the Byzantines manage to survive in spite of all those reverses and crises? What could be possibly learned from the Byzantine experience in view of crisis management even today? In an attempt to answer these questions two crucial periods of Byzantine history are shortly discussed. The former is an extraordinary crisis which occurred during the reign of emperor Herakleios (610-641), and the latter an attempt for renewal which took place during the reign of Alexios Komnenos (1081-1118). Both emperors managed to stop and reverse the effects of decline that plagued the Empire during their troubled reigns, and were even capable to restore its fortune for a while.
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