Informace o publikaci

Quantitative mapping of microtubule-associated protein 2c (MAP2c) phosphorylation and regulatory protein 14-3-3 zeta-binding sites reveals key differences between MAP2c and its homolog Tau

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JANSEN Séverine MELKOVÁ Kateřina TROŠANOVÁ Zuzana HANÁKOVÁ Kateřina ZACHRDLA Milan NOVÁČEK Jiří ŽUPA Erik ZDRÁHAL Zbyněk HRITZ Jozef ŽÍDEK Lukáš

Rok publikování 2017
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj Journal of Biological Chemistry
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Středoevropský technologický institut

Citace
www http://www.jbc.org/content/292/16/6715
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M116.771097
Obor Biochemie
Klíčová slova INTRINSICALLY UNSTRUCTURED PROTEINS; PAIRED HELICAL FILAMENTS; TUBULIN POLYMERIZATION; MULTIDIMENSIONAL NMR; NEURONAL DEVELOPMENT; DISORDERED PROTEINS; SYNAPTIC PLASTICITY; BETA-STRUCTURE; KINASE-A; BINDING
Popis Microtubule-associated protein 2c (MAP2c) is involved in neuronal development and is less characterized than its homolog Tau, which has various roles in neurodegeneration. Using NMR methods providing single-residue resolution and quantitative comparison, we investigated molecular interactions important for the regulatory roles of MAP2c in microtubule dynamics. We found that MAP2c and Tau significantly differ in the position and kinetics of sites that are phosphorylated by cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA), even in highly homologous regions. Wedetermined the binding sites of unphosphorylated and phosphorylated MAP2c responsible for interactions with the regulatory protein 14-3-3 zeta. Differences in phosphorylation and in charge distribution between MAP2c and Tau suggested that both MAP2c and Tau respond to the same signal (phosphorylation by PKA) but have different downstream effects, indicating a signaling branch point for controlling microtubule stability. Although the interactions of phosphorylated Tau with 14-3-3 zeta are supposed to be a major factor in microtubule destabilization, the binding of 14-3-3 zeta to MAP2c enhanced by PKA-mediated phosphorylation is likely to influence microtubule-MAP2c binding much less, in agreement with the results of our tubulin co-sedimentation measurements. The specific location of the major MAP2c phosphorylation site in a region homologous to the muscarinic receptor-binding site of Tau suggests that MAP2c also may regulate processes other than microtubule dynamics.
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