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Our Democracy: Czech Adolescents Talk About the Meaning of Democracy and Attitudes Toward Immigrants

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SCOTT Zuzana ŠMAHELOVÁ Martina MACEK Petr

Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Fakulta sociálních studií

Citace
WWW https://spssi.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/asap.12175
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/asap.12175
Klíčová slova democracy; adolescence; focus groups; thematic analysis
Popis The objective of the present study was to explore in depth how adolescents understand democracy and how they apply their ideas of democracy to attitudes toward immigrants. In order to research these topics, we conducted five focus groups at middle and high schools (9th and 10th grade) with a total number of 32 respondents. Utilizing thematic analysis, we identified the main themes related to definitions of democracy, such as emphasis on individual freedom, and democracy as rule by the people. Young people also discussed possible conflicts between democratic principles (e.g., majority rule vs. minority voice). Inclination toward majoritarian model was mostly present in adolescents’ attitudes toward immigrants, which were characterized mostly by endorsement of assimilation. We discuss these results in the light of the conflicting principles upon which democracy is built, such as equality versus freedom or majority rule versus minority rights.
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