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Impacts of increased tourism on polar environment-Case studies from Svalbard and Iceland



Rok publikování 2020
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj Czech Polar Reports
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Přírodovědecká fakulta

Klíčová slova environment; glaciers; human pressure; Svalbard; Iceland
Popis The increasing number of visitors in polar regions and demand for outdoor extreme ac-tivities create a pressure on local fragile ecosystems. Two examples of mechanical dis-turbances of the glacier forefields are presented in this study to demonstrate the impacts of different frequencies of visits on the local environment. Foxfonna study site expe-rience only minor disturbances in comparison with the Langjökull study site on Iceland. This is due to the number of tourists visiting the two localities and also the means of transportation used for reaching the ice caps. It is likely that with still ongoing increase of number of tourists coming to these localities, the anthropogenic pressure will continue to grow. The combination of human pressure and ongoing climate change can have irre-versible effects on sensitive local environment especially in places easily accessible for tourists.
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