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Pea root responses under naproxen stress: changes in the formation of structural barriers in the primary root in context with changes of auxin and abscisic acid levels

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Rok publikování 2023
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj Ecotoxicology
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Přírodovědecká fakulta

Klíčová slova NSAID; Root growth dynamics; Casparian strips; Suberin lamellae; Phytohormones
Popis Pharmaceuticals belong to pseudo-persistent pollutants because of constant entry into the environment and hazardous potential for non-target organisms, including plants, in which they can influence biochemical and physiological processes. Detailed analysis of results obtained by microscopic observations using fluorescent dyes (berberine hemisulphate, Fluorol Yellow 088), detection of phytohormone levels (radioimmunoassay, enzyme-linked immune sorbent assay) and thermogravimetric analysis of lignin content proved that the drug naproxen (NPX) can stimulate the formation of root structural barriers. In the primary root of plants treated with 0.5, 1, and 10?mg/L NPX, earlier Casparian strip formation and development of the whole endodermis circle closer to its apex were found after five days of cultivation (by 9–20% as compared to control) and after ten days from 0.1?mg/L NPX (by 8–63%). Suberin lamellae (SL) were deposited in endodermal cells significantly closer to the apex under 10?mg/L NPX by up to 75%. Structural barrier formation under NPX treatment can be influenced indirectly by auxin-supported cell division and differentiation caused by its eight-times higher level under 10?mg/L NPX and directly by stimulated SL deposition induced by abscisic acid (higher from 0.5?mg/L NPX), as proved by the higher proportion of cells with SL in the primary root base (by 8–44%). The earlier modification of endodermis in plant roots can help to limit the drug transfer and maintain the homeostasis of the plant.
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