Informace o publikaci

Development of historic monthly land use regression models of SO2, NOx and suspended particulate matter for birth cohort ELSPAC

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Rok publikování 2023
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj Atmospheric Environment
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Přírodovědecká fakulta

Klíčová slova Land use regression; Air quality; Cohort; Vulnerable windows; Children?s health; ELSPAC
Přiložené soubory
Popis Vulnerable windows in child development in utero and after birth are critical time points for uncovering the links between environment and health. Particular attention is paid to the first 1000 days of life from conception to the second year of life.The ELSPAC (European Longitudinal Study of Pregnancy and Childhood) birth cohort, launched in the early 1990s, is a rich source of longitudinal data about health and life events, based mainly in Brno, Czechia. There are currently no air quality concentration maps that can be used to assess exposure to air pollutants for this period of the 1990s in Central Europe. Simply transferring current models to the 1990's is burdened with the error introduced by the temporal change in emission sources and land use of the area. Therefore, Czech air quality monitoring data were used to develop monthly land use regression (LUR) models, which combine collected spatial variables with monitoring data to predict the variation in exposures to pollutants. Monthly pollutant concentrations were regressed against the GIS-based potential predictor variables to develop LUR models, following a supervised forward linear regression, with several predefined constraints.We constructed 180 LUR monthly models for sulphur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen oxides (NOx) and suspended particulate matter (SPM) for 1990-1994, that completely cover the first 1000 days for all ELSPAC study par-ticipants. The final models showed, on average reasonably good performance (adjusted R2 = 0.59 with hold-out validation (HOV) R2 = 0.40 for SO2; adjusted R2 = 0.75 with HOV R2 = 0.35 for NOx; and adjusted R2 = 0.61 with HOV R2 = 0.31 for SPM; with a mean number of stations of 74, 38 and 41, respectively). For these models, roads and greenness were predominantly selected as the best predictors.The modelled exposures will serve in many subsequent ELSPAC epidemiological studies, but our models may be also used in other Czech and possibly other Central European cities in that period.
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