Informace o publikaci

Out of the ancient lake: Multiple riverine colonizations and diversification of the freshwater snails in the genus Semisulcospira around Lake Biwa



Rok publikování 2024
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Přírodovědecká fakulta

Klíčová slova Ancient lake; Semisulcospira; Multiple colonization; ddRAD; Cryptic species
Popis Ancient lakes are a hotspot of biodiversity. Freshwater species often experience spectacular species radiation after colonizing lakes from riverine habitats. Therefore, the relationship between the fauna of the ancient lakes and the surrounding riverine system has a special significance in understanding their origin and evolutionary history. The study of ancient lake species often focused on the lake colonization of riverine species. In contrast, far less attention has been placed on the reverse direction: the riverine colonization of the lake species, despite its importance in disentangling their complex evolutionary history. The freshwater snails in the genus Semisulcospira involve endemic groups that radiated in the ancient Lake Biwa. Using genetics and fossil records, we inferred that the ancestors of these lake-endemic Semisulcospira snails historically colonized the riverine habitats at least three times during the Middle Pleistocene. Each colonization resulted in the formation of a new lineage that was genetically and morphologically distinct from other lineages. Further, one of these colonizations was followed by hybridization with a cosmopolitan riverine species, which potentially facilitated the population persistence of the colonizers in the new environment. Despite their complex histories, all these colonizers were currently grouped within a single species, Semisulcospira kurodai, suggesting cryptic diversity in this species. This study highlights the significance of the riverine colonizations of the lake species to fully understand the diversification history of freshwater fauna in and around the ancient lakes.

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