Informace o publikaci

Flow Cytometry-Based Enumeration and Functional Characterization of CD8 T Regulatory Cells in Patients with Multiple Myeloma Before and After Lenalidomide Plus Dexamethasone Treatment

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MUTHU RAJA Karthick Raja PLÁŠIL Martin ŘÍHOVÁ Lucie PELCOVÁ Jana ADAM Zdeněk HÁJEK Roman

Rok publikování 2014
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj Cytometry Part B ( Clinical cytometry)
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Lékařská fakulta

Citace
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cyto.b.21109
Obor Onkologie a hematologie
Klíčová slova CD8 T regulatory cells; multiple myeloma; immune suppression; lenalidomide; dexamethasone; flow cytometry and CFSE
Přiložené soubory
Popis Background: Multiple myeloma (MM) is a malignancy of plasma cells frequently associated with immune abnormalities. Several studies have confirmed that in MM immune deregulation can be mediated by increased numbers of CD4 T regulatory (Treg) cells, and these cells were also associated with poor outcome. In this study, we aimed to study CD8 Treg cells before and after lenalidomide plus dexamethasone (len-dex) treatment in MM patients. Methods: Using flow cytometry, we enumerated and assessed suppressive function of CD8 Treg cells in 16 MM patients before and after len-dex treatment. Results: Numbers of CD8 Treg cells (CD8+CD25hi+FoxP3+) (P < 0.01) were significantly increased in MM patients (before treatment) compared to healthy donors. However, no significant changes were observed in CD4 and CD8 T cells. A significant increase in CD8 Treg cells was observed after len-dex treatment compared to pre-treatment but no significant difference was observed in CD4 and CD8 T cells. Proliferation assay data showed that CD8 Treg cells inhibited proliferation of CD4 T cells and IFN-gamma secretion in a concentration dependent manner. Suppressive activity of CD8 Treg cells did not differ significantly between healthy donors, untreated and len-dex treated MM patients. A significant abnormal level of IL-10 was observed from proliferation assays of untreated and len-dex treated MM patients compared to healthy donors (P <= 0.03). Conclusions: Using flow cytometry, we have shown that suppressive CD8 Treg cells are increased in MM patients and len-dex treatment is unable to control these suppressive CD8 Treg cells. (C) 2013 International Clinical Cytometry Society
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