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Dysfunctional impulsivity in online gaming addiction and engagement

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BLINKA Lukas ŠKAŘUPOVÁ Kateřina MITTEROVÁ Kristína

Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj Cyberpsychology: Journal of Psychosocial Research on Cyberspace
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Fakulta sociálních studií

Citace
WWW http://cyberpsychology.eu/view.php?cisloclanku=2016101001&article=5
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.5817/CP2016-3-5
Obor Psychologie
Klíčová slova Dysfunctional impulsivity; impulsivity; gaming engagement; gaming addiction; internet gaming disorder
Popis mpulsivity has been shown to be related to both substance- and non-substance addictions. In the case of internet gaming addiction, on one hand, higher impulsivity and sensation seeking have been reported in problematic online gamers. On the other hand, problematic online gamers were also identified as introverted, socially anxious, and generally inhibited in behaviour. Our study investigates the role of dysfunctional impulsivity in gaming addiction. A sample of 1,510 Czech and Slovak online gamers completed a questionnaire that was advertised online and targeted the core of the gaming community. Internet gaming addiction was measured using the Addiction-Engagement Questionnaire (Charlton & Danforth, 2010). Dysfunctional impulsivity was measured using the 11 items of Dickman’s (1990) sub-scale of the Impulsivity Inventory. Pearson’s correlation coefficients were calculated for variables and a regression model was constructed using hierarchical linear regression to determine the association between online gaming addiction and dysfunctional impulsivity, while controlling for age, gender, and the frequency of online gaming. A set of chi-square tests was employed to compare the patterns of addiction criteria among highly impulsive addicted gamers and non-impulsive addicted gamers. Although dysfunctional impulsivity was a good predictor of gaming addiction (beta = .252), it actually explained only about 7% of the addiction variance. Problematic gamers high on impulsivity had similar patterns of addiction criteria as non-impulsive gamers, with only one exception – they had a significantly higher tendency to relapse. There was no role of impulsivity in gaming engagement. The results suggest that dysfunctional impulsivity is a risk factor for online gaming addiction (similar to other addictions), but it does not have prominent explanatory value in itself. Also, the results show that problematic gamers high on impulsivity are more prone to relapse and reinstatement.
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