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Comparison of approaches towards ecotoxicity evaluation for the application of dredged sediment on soil

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VAŠÍČKOVÁ Jana KALÁBOVÁ Tereza KALÁBOVÁ Tereza KOMPRDOVÁ Klára KOMPRDOVÁ Klára PRIESSNITZ Jan PRIESSNITZ Jan DYMÁK Michal DYMÁK Michal LÁNA Jan LÁNA Jan ŠKULCOVÁ Lucia ŠINDELÁŘOVÁ Lucie SÁŇKA Milan ČUPR Pavel VÁCHA Radim HOFMAN Jakub

Rok publikování 2013
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj Journal of Soils and Sediments
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Přírodovědecká fakulta

Citace
www Comparison of approaches towards ecotoxicity evaluation for the application of dredged sediment on soil
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11368-013-0670-x
Obor Kontaminace a dekontaminace půdy včetně pesticidů
Klíčová slova Dredged sediments; Ecotoxicity; Eluate bioassays; Soil bioassays
Popis The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of ecotoxicity testing in general and of individual bioassays more specific and to investigate how the results of bioassays are determined by the physicochemical properties of sediment samples and/or sediment contamination. 36 sediment samples were collected from rivers and ponds and from sediment heaps in different parts of the Czech Republic. Both their physicochemical properties and their levels of contamination with POPs and heavy metals were analyzed. The ecotoxicities of the sediments were evaluated using the four bioassays(257/2009 Coll.) concerning the application of dredged sediments on agricultural land (Enchytraeus crypticus reproduction, Folsomia candida reproduction, Lactuca sativa root elongation, and potential ammonium oxidation). The results of the four directive bioassays were compared with the results of other soil bioassays (Caenorhabditis elegans mortality, Eisenia fetida avoidance and reproduction) and eluate bioassays (Daphnia magna immobilization, Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata growth inhibition test, and Vibrio fischeri luminescence). We demonstrate that the battery suggested in Czech directive is highly effective in identifying toxic samples; these bioassays clearly revealing different types of toxicity and different exposure routes. Shorter alternative bioassays may be added especially when fast toxicity identification is needed. Eluate bioassays identified samples potentially hazardous to aquatic ecosystems. Their inclusion into the assessment scheme should be considered if the goal of assessment is also the protection of aquatic ecosystems. The results of our multivariate analysis show that specific physicochemical properties and contamination may affect bioassay responses. C. elegans was the most sensitive bioassay to physicochemical properties and also to organic contamination, while eluate bioassays were sensitive to heavy metal pollution.
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