Informace o publikaci

Sex Assessment Using Clavicle Measurements: Inter- and Intra-Population Comparisons

Název česky Odhad pohlaví na základě rozměrů klíční kosti: vnitro- a mezipopulační srovnání


Rok publikování 2014
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj Forensic Science International
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Přírodovědecká fakulta

Obor Archeologie, antropologie, etnologie
Klíčová slova Clavicle;Sex assessment;Side asymmetry;The University of Athens Human Skeletal Reference Collection;Inter-population variations;Intra-population variations
Popis We studied sexual dimorphism of the human clavicle in order to describe size variation and create population-specific discriminant tools for morphometric sex assessment. The studied sample consisted of 200 skeletons of adult individuals obtained from the University of Athens Human Skeletal Reference Collection, Athens, Greece. The specimens were well-documented and represented a modern population from cemeteries in the Athens area. Six dimensions typically used for clavicle measurements were recorded. For sexing clavicles, we used both traditional univariate (limiting, demarking and sectioning points) and multivariate discriminant function analysis. The accuracy of the best five classification equations/functions ranged from 91.62% to 92.55% of correctly assigned specimens. By testing new and previously published sexing functions (Greeks, Polynesians, Guatemalans) on four available population samples (English, Indians from Amritsar, Indians from Varanasi, and data from the present study) we found that, for some combinations of tested and reference samples, the accuracy of the sex assessment may decrease even below the probability given by random sex assignment. Therefore, measurements of the clavicle should not be used for sex assessment of individual cases (both forensic and archeological) whose population origin is unknown. However, significant metric differences were also recorded among three different Greek samples (i.e. within a population). As a consequence, application of a sexing method generated from one Greek sample and applied to another Greek sample led to negligible reduction in the success of sex assessment, despite general similarities in ethnic origin (Greeks), generation structure and presumed social background of the samples. Therefore, we believe that future studies should focus on understanding the nature of the differences among within-population reference samples.
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