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Dealing with Zero Density Using Piecewise Phase-Type Approximation

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KORENČIAK Ľuboš KRČÁL Jan ŘEHÁK Vojtěch

Druh Článek ve sborníku
Konference Computer Performance Engineering
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

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Citace
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-10885-8_9
Obor Informatika
Klíčová slova phase-type; CTMC; discrete-time transition
Popis Every probability distribution can be approximated up to a given precision by a phase-type distribution, i.e. a distribution encoded by a continuous time Markov chain (CTMC). However, an excessive number of states in the corresponding CTMC is needed for some standard distributions, in particular most distributions with regions of zero density such as uniform or shifted distributions. Addressing this class of distributions, we suggest an alternative representation by CTMC extended with discrete-time transitions. Using discrete-time transitions we split the density function into multiple intervals. Within each interval, we then approximate the density with standard phase-type fitting. We provide an experimental evidence that our method requires only a moderate number of states to approximate such distributions with regions of zero density. Furthermore, the usage of CTMC with discrete-time transitions is supported by a number of techniques for their analysis. Thus, our results promise an efficient approach to the transient analysis of a class of non-Markovian models.
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