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A quest for species-level indicator values for disturbance

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HERBEN Tomáš CHYTRÝ Milan KLIMEŠOVÁ Jitka

Rok publikování 2016
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj Journal of Vegetation Science
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Přírodovědecká fakulta

Citace
www http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jvs.12384/abstract
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jvs.12384
Obor Ekologie - společenstva
Klíčová slova Bioindication; Clonal traits; Disturbance frequency; Disturbance intensity; Disturbance severity; Ecological indicators; Expert judgement; Plant height at maturity; Plant longevity; Seed size; Vascular plants; Vegetation structure
Popis Question: Is it possible to construct indicator values that would place individual species on gradients of disturbance frequency and severity? We suggest that such indicator values could be defined on the basis of the disturbance regimes under which individual species occur, to be independent of their traits. They should also separate disturbance frequency from disturbance severity. Location: Czech Republic. Methods: We used a stratified set of 30 115 vegetation-plot records sampled over the whole country and classified into 39 phytosociological vegetation classes. Each class was assigned values of disturbance frequency and severity by expert judgement. A Disturbance Frequency Index for each species was calculated as the mean of the common logarithm of the disturbance frequency of all vegetation classes weighted by occurrence frequencies of this species in those classes. A Disturbance Severity Index was defined as mean disturbance severity of all vegetation classes weighted by occurrence frequencies of this species in those classes. For forest vegetation, indices were computed separately for the whole community and for the herb layer, which experiences different types of disturbance. Further, we constructed a disturbance index from vegetation structural parameters, viz. summed covers and community-weighted mean of height at maturity of species recorded in each plot for each vegetation class. We assessed all indices by comparing their values with data on functional traits of the species. Results: We calculated values of the indices for 1248 species. The Disturbance Frequency Index and Disturbance Severity Index were correlated, but still described different responses of individual species to disturbance. The index based on vegetation structure was correlated mainly with the Disturbance Frequency Index. All indices showed strong relationships to plant traits: species with high values of all disturbance indices tended to have small seeds, to be annual and non-clonal or able to spread clonally over large distances. Conclusions: Constructing species disturbance indices based on vegetation characteristics, not plant traits, is feasible and provides meaningful scores. A similar approach can be used in any region where sufficient vegetation data are available. Disturbance indices can be used to address a number of questions in plant evolution and community or landscape ecology.
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