Informace o publikaci

Origin of scapolite-hosted sapphire (corundum) near Kimmirut, Baffin Island, Nunavut, Canada



Rok publikování 2017
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj Canadian Mineralogist
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Přírodovědecká fakulta

Obor Geologie a mineralogie
Klíčová slova sapphire; corundum; marble; calc-silicate rock; scapolite; gem deposits; metamarl; nepheline; proterozoic
Popis Gem-quality corundum (sapphire) occurs in scapolite-rich calc-silicate rock hosted in marble of the Lake Harbour Group near Kimmirut, southern Baffin Island. A deposit of blue and colorless gem corundum (Beluga occurrence) is compared to a similar calc-silicate pod generally lacking corundum but containing nepheline (Bowhead occurrence) and located 170 m to the SSW. Corundum formation was made possible by three equally important sequential metamorphic reactions: (1) formation of nepheline, diopside, and K-feldspar (inferred) at granulite facies peak metamorphic conditions; (2) partial retrograde replacement of the peak assemblage by phlogopite, oligoclase, calcite, and scapolite (Me-50-Me-67) as a result of CO2-, H2O-, Cl-, F-bearing fluid influx at 1782.5 +/- 3.7 Ma (P-T 720 degrees C, 6.2 kbar); and (3) retrograde breakdown of scapolite + nepheline (with CO2-and H2O-bearing fluid) to form albite, muscovite, corundum, and calcite. Late, low-temperature zeolite mineralization is common in corundum-bearing zones. Based on thermodynamic models, the corundum-forming reaction only occurs in a 100 degrees C window with an upper limit determined by scapolite-nepheline stability, and a lower limit determined by the formation of Al-silicate rather than corundum. The protolith is inferred to be dolomitic argillaceous marl with no evidence to suggest the initial presence of evaporites. The enrichment of trace metals V and Cr, and the depletion of Co, Ni, and Mn, suggest reducing diagenetic conditions in the initial sediment. Beluga calc-silicate rock is strongly depleted in REE. Oxy-dravite delta B-11 (+3.9 +/- 0.7%) is consistent with a marine boron source. The oxygen isotope composition of corundum (delta O-18(VSMOW) = 16.4 +/- 0.1%) is comparable to that of corundum in marble or desilicated pegmatite associated with marble.
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