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Reforms that Keep You at Home: The Effects of Economic Transition on Migration

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GUZI Martin MIKULA Štěpán

Rok publikování 2018
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj IZA Discussion papers
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Ekonomicko-správní fakulta

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Klíčová slova EBRD transition indicators; emigration; post-communist countries; multilateral resistance
Popis Theory asserts that individuals’ migration decisions depend more on their expectations about future income levels than on their current income levels. We find that the implementation of market-oriented reforms in post-communist countries, by forming good economic prospects, has reduced emigration as predicted by theory. Our estimates show that migration flows are highly responsive to reforms supporting private enterprises and financial services, which provide individuals with strong signals about their future prospects. Reforms that improve the management of infrastructure services are shown to have no link with migration patterns and this may be an important lesson for government policy.
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