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Modelling the distribution and compositional variation of plant communities at the continental scale

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JIMÉNEZ ALFARO GONZÁLEZ Francisco De Borja SUÁREZ-SEOANE Susana CHYTRÝ Milan HENNEKENS Stephan M WILLNER Wolfgang HÁJEK Michal AGRILLO Emiliano ÁLVAREZ-MARTÍNEZ Jose M BERGAMINI Ariel BRISSE Henry BRUNET Jörg CASELLA Laura DÍTĚ Daniel FONT Xavier GILLET François HÁJKOVÁ Petra JANSEN Florian JANDT Ute KĄCKI Zygmunt LENOIR Jonathan RODWELL John S. SCHAMINÉE Joop H. J. SEKULOVÁ Lucia ŠIBÍK Jozef ŠKVORC Željko TSIRIPIDIS Ioannis

Rok publikování 2018
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj Diversity and Distributions
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Přírodovědecká fakulta

Citace
www https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ddi.12736
Klíčová slova community distribution models; ecosystem properties; extent of occurrence; generalized dissimilarity modelling; habitat conservation; plant communities; vegetation
Popis Aim: We investigate whether (1) environmental predictors allow to delineate the distribution of discrete community types at the continental scale and (2) how data completeness influences model generalization in relation to the compositional variation of the modelled entities. - Location: Europe. - Methods: We used comprehensive datasets of two community types of conservation concern in Europe: acidophilous beech forests and base-rich fens. We computed community distribution models (CDMs) calibrated with environmental predictors to predict the occurrence of both community types, evaluating geographical transferability, interpolation and extrapolation under different scenarios of sampling bias. We used generalized dissimilarity modelling (GDM) to assess the role of geographical and environmental drivers in compositional variation within the predicted distributions. - Results: For the two community types, CDMs computed for the whole study area provided good performance when evaluated by random cross-validation and external validation. Geographical transferability provided lower but relatively good performance, while model extrapolation performed poorly when compared with interpolation. Generalized dissimilarity modelling showed a predominant effect of geographical distance on compositional variation, complemented with the environmental predictors that also influenced habitat suitability. - Main conclusions: Correlative approaches typically used for modelling the distribution of individual species are also useful for delineating the potential area of occupancy of community types at the continental scale, when using consistent definitions of the modelled entity and high data completeness. The combination of CDMs with GDM further improves the understanding of diversity patterns of plant communities, providing spatially explicit information for mapping vegetation diversity and related habitat types at large scales.
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