Informace o publikaci

Clinical Efficacy, Safety and Tolerability of a New Subcutaneous Immunoglobulin 16.5% (Octanorm [Cutaquig (R)]) in the Treatment of Patients With Primary Immunodeficiencies

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KOBAYASHI Roger H. GUPTA Sudhir MELAMED Isaac MANDUJANO Fernando J. KOBAYASHI Ai Lan RITCHIE Bruce GENG Bob ATKINSON Thomas Prescott REHMAN Syed TURPEL-KANTOR Eva LITZMAN Jiří

Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj Frontiers in Immunology
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Lékařská fakulta

Citace
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fimmu.2019.00040
Klíčová slova primary immunodeficiencies; immunoglobulins; antibodies; SCIG; infections; infusion site reactions
Popis Introduction: Subcutaneously administered immunoglobulin (SCIG) is increasingly used to treat patients with primary immunodeficiencies (PIDs). Octanorm (marketed as cutaquig (R) in USA and Canada) is a new 16.5% solution of human SCIG, manufactured by a process based on that of the intravenous preparation (IVIG) octagam (R). Objectives: To investigate the efficacy, safety and tolerability of octanorm in a prospective, open-label, single-arm phase 3 study involving adult and pediatric patients with PIDs (NCT01888484; clinicaltrials. gov/ct2/show/NCT01888484). Methods: Patients who were previously treated with IVIG received a total of 64 weekly SCIG infusions, including 12 weekly infusions during the wash-in/wash-out period, followed by 52 weekly infusions during the evaluation period. Results: A total of 61 patients aged 2-73 years received 3,497 infusions of octanorm. The mean dose per patient was 0.175 g/kg/infusion. The mean calculated dose conversion factor from the patients' previous IVIG dose for octanorm was 1.37. No serious bacterial infections developed during the study. The rate of other infections per person-year during the primary observation period was 3.43 (upper 95% CI 4.57). All but one non-bacterial infection were mild or moderate in intensity. IgG trough levels were constant during the course of the study. Eleven patients (18.0%) experienced 14 mild or moderate systemic adverse events (AEs) related to octanorm. The rate of related AEs per infusion was 0.004. In 76.7% of infusions, no infusion site reactions were observed and only two (0.3%) reactions were deemed severe. The incidence of site reactions decreased with successive infusions. Conclusion: The new 16.5% SCIG octanorm was shown to be efficacious in preventing infections in PIDs, and was well tolerated.