Informace o publikaci

The impact of Miocene orogeny for the diversification of Caucasian Epeorus (Caucasiron) mayflies (Ephemeroptera: Heptageniidae)



Rok publikování 2020
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Přírodovědecká fakulta

Klíčová slova Caucasus; Phylogeny; Taxonomy; Biogeography; Speciation; Aquatic insects
Popis A common hypothesis for the high biodiversity of mountains is the diversification driven by orogeny creating conditions for rapid in situ speciation of resident lineages. The Caucasus is a young mountain system considered as a biodiversity hotspot; however,the origin and evolution of its diversity remain poorly understood. This study focuses on mayflies of the subgenus Caucasiron, one of the most diversified stenotopic mayflies inhabiting various types of streams throughout the Caucasus.Using the time-calibrated phylogeny based on two mitochondrial (COI,16S)and three nuclear(EF-1a, wg,28S)gene fragments, we tested the role of Caucasian orogeny in biogeography,diversification patterns,and altitudinal diversification of Caucasiron mayflies. We found that orogeny promoted the lineage diversification of Caucasiron in the Miocene.The highest diversification rate corresponding with the uplift of mountains was followed by a significant slowdown towards the present suggesting minor influence of Pleistocene climatic oscillations on the speciation.The Caucasiron lineages cluster into three principal clades originating in the Upper Miocene. We found a strong support that one of the three clades diversified via allopatric speciation in the Greater Caucasus isolated in the Parathetys Sea.The other two clades originating most likely outside the Greater Caucasus diversified towards high and low altitude,respectively, indicating possible role of climatic factors and/or passive uplift on their differentiation. Current high Caucasiron diversity in the Greater Caucasus is a result of in situ speciation and later immigration froma djacent mountain ranges after the Parathetys Sea retreat.