Informace o publikaci

How farmers shape cultural landscapes. Dealing with information in farm systems (Valles County, Catalonia, 1860)

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FONT Carme PADRO Roc CATTANEO Claudio MARULL Joan TELLO Enric ALABERT Aureli FARRE Merce

Rok publikování 2020
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj Ecological indicators
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Fakulta sociálních studií

Citace
www https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1470160X20300418
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2020.106104
Klíčová slova Information; Social metabolism; Farm system modelling; Mixed farming; Linear optimization; Cultural landscapes
Přiložené soubory
Popis In this paper we propose an approach to understand how different farmer's goals can contribute to structure cultural landscapes and how the information-as-structure held in energy flows within farm systems can be measured. We start from a historical case study located in a Mediterranean landscape in the Valles County (Catalonia, 1860) and apply an optimization model by using a socio-metabolic approach that responds to three different strategies at farm gate: maximizing population, minimizing labour, and maximizing income. The modelled farm pattern of energy flows, the information indicator and the landscape structure that would be obtained under each optimization strategy are then compared with actual historical data. The results obtained confirm that it is the farmers' know-how and culture what allows to manage the energy distribution into the farm system in order to maintain a sustainable management of the territory. We take lessons in terms of socio-ecological transition analysis, and to offer novel insights on how information-as-structure driven by farmers' intentionality, knowledge and cultural practices plays a key role in structuring cultural landscapes.