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Airborne PAHs inhibit gap junctional intercellular communication and activate MAPKs in human bronchial epithelial cell line

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BRÓZMAN Ondřej NOVÁK Jiří BAUER Alison K. BABICA Pavel

Rok publikování 2020
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Přírodovědecká fakulta

Citace
www https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1382668920300983?via%3Dihub
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.etap.2020.103422
Klíčová slova Gap junctional intercellular communication; Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons; Methylated anthracenes; Mitogen-activated protein kinases; Human bronchial epithelial cell line; Nongenotoxic mechanisms
Popis Inhalation exposures to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) have been associated with various adverse health effects, including chronic lung diseases and cancer. Using human bronchial epithelial cell line HBE1, we investigated the effects of structurally different PAHs on tissue homeostatic processes, namely gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) and MAPKs activity. Rapid (< 1 h) and sustained (up to 24 h) inhibition of GJIC was induced by low/middle molecular weight (MW) PAHs, particularly by those with a bayor bay-like region (1- and 9-methylanthracene, fluoranthene), but also by fluorene and pyrene. In contrast, linear low MW (anthracene, 2-methylanthracene) or higher MW (chrysene) PAHs did not affect GJIC. Fluoranthene, 1and 9methylanthracene induced strong and sustained activation of MAPK ERK1/2, whereas MAPK p38 was activated rather nonspecifically by all tested PAHs. Low/middle MW PAHs can disrupt tissue homeostasis in human airway epithelium via structure-dependent nongenotoxic mechanisms, which can contribute to their human health hazards.
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