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Targeted and suspect screening of plasticizers in house dust to assess cumulative human exposure risk

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DEMIRTEPE Hale MELYMUK Lisa Emily CODLING Garry Paul MURÍNOVÁ L'ubica RICHTEROVA Denisa RASPLOVA Vladimira TRNOVEC Tomáš KLÁNOVÁ Jana

Rok publikování 2021
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj Science of the Total Environment
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Přírodovědecká fakulta

Citace
www https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0048969721017356?via%3Dihub
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.146667
Klíčová slova Alternative plasticizer; Cumulative risk assessment; Indoor dust; Phthalate ester; Suspect screening
Popis Indoor dust is an important exposure route to anthropogenic chemicals used in consumer products. Plasticizers are common product additives and can easily leach out of the product and partition to dust. Investigations of plasticizers typically focus on a subset of phthalate esters (PEs), but there are many more PEs in use, and alternative plasticizers (APs) are seeing greater use after recognition of adverse health effects of PEs. In this study we use full scan high resolution mass spectrometry for targeted and suspect screening of PEs and APs in house dust and to assess the potential risk of human exposure. House dust samples from Eastern Slovakia were investigated and concentrations of Sigma 12PEs and Sigma(5)APs ranged 12-2765 mu g/g and 45-13,260 mu g/g, respectively. APs were at similar levels to PEs, indicating common usage of these compounds in products in homes. Evaluation of individual compound toxicity combined with human intake via dust ingestion suggested PEs are of lower priority compared to semivolatile organic compounds such as polychlorinated biphenyls due to their lower toxicity. However, cumulative risk assessment (CRA) is a more appropriate evaluation of risk, considering the presences of many PEs in dust and their similar toxic mode of action. CRA based on median toxicity reference values (TRVs) suggested acceptable risks for dust ingestion, however, the wide range of literature-derived TRVs is a large uncertainty, especially for the APs. Use of newer TRVs suggest risk from dust ingestion alone, i.e. not even considering diet, inhalation, and dermal contact. Additionally, screening of full-scan instrumental spectra identified a further 40 suspect PE compounds, suggesting the CRA based on the 12 target PEs underestimates the risk.
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