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Big Five traits predict stress and loneliness during the COVID-19 pandemic: Evidence for the role of neuroticism

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IKIZER Gözde KOWAL Marta DILEKLER ALDEMIR Ilknur JEFTIĆ Alma MEMISOGLU-SANLI Aybegum NAJMUSSAQIB Arooj LACKO David EICHEL Kristina TURK Fidan CHRONA Stavroula AHMED Oli RASMUSSEN Jesper KUMAGA Raisa KAMAL UDDIN Muhammad REYNOSO-ALCÁNTARA Vicenta PANKOWSKI Daniel COLL-MARTÍN Tao

Rok publikování 2022
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj Personality and Individual Differences
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Filozofická fakulta

Citace
www https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0191886922000344
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2022.111531
Klíčová slova COVID-19; Personality; Big Five; Stress; Loneliness; Neuroticism
Popis The rapid outbreak of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has affected citizens' daily lives in an unprecedented way. To curb the spread of the pandemic, governments have taken numerous measures such as social distancing and quarantine, which may be associated with psychological consequences, namely stress and loneliness globally. To understand differential associations of personality traits with psychological consequences of COVID-19, we utilize data from a sample of 99,217 individuals from 41 countries collected as part of the COVIDiSTRESS Global Survey. Data were analyzed using multigroup confirmatory factor analysis and multilevel regression models. Findings showed that while some of the associations were rather weak, Big Five personality traits were significantly associated with perceived stress and loneliness during the pandemic. Our study illustrates that neuroticism especially can be a vulnerability factor for stress and loneliness in times of crisis and can contribute to detection of at-risk individuals and optimization of psychological treatments during or after the COVID-19 pandemic.

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