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The religiosity gender gap in 14 diverse societies

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VARDY Thomas MOYA Cristina PLACEK Caitlyn APICELLA Coren BOLYANATZ Alexander COHEN Emma HANDLEY Carla KUNDTOVÁ KLOCOVÁ Eva LESOROGOL Carolyn MATHEW Sarah MCNAMARA Rita PURZYCKI Benjamin SOLER Montseratt WEIGEL Jonathan WILLARD Ayiana XYGALATAS Dimitrios NORENZAYAN Ara HENRICH Joseph LANG Martin ATKINSON Quentin

Rok publikování 2022
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj Religion, Brain & Behavior
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

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Citace
www https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/2153599X.2021.2006292
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/2153599X.2021.2006292
Klíčová slova Cultural evolution; cross-cultural research; moralistic gods; secularization; risk; supernatural punishment
Popis Scholars of religion have long sought to explain the persistent finding that women tend to report greater religiosity than men. However, the size of this “gender gap” may depend on the measure of religiosity employed, the religious tradition being sampled, and socio-demographic factors. Here, we conduct a systematic cross-cultural investigation into the prevalence of, and explanations for, the religiosity gender gap in 2,002 individuals from 14 diverse societies. While variation exists across societies, women in general indicate greater mental commitment (i.e., thinking and worrying more about) to their community’s moralistic god, more frequent participation in rituals for their community’s moralistic god, and more frequent prayer. While we find that the gender gap extends beyond the Christian world, no such difference was seen in religious commitment towards more local gods, to which men tend to show greater commitment. Tentative support is provided for explanations relating gender differences in religiosity to lower formal education and greater mentalizing among women, however an explanation for greater religious commitment to local gods among men remains elusive. Nevertheless, our data suggest that the moralizing gods of some contemporary world religions, unlike local deities and traditions, have evolved in ways that make them more appealing to women.
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