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There is no heterotic effect upon developmental stability in the ventral side of the skull within the house mouse hybrid zone

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MIKULA Ondřej MACHOLÁN Miloš

Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj Journal of Evolutionary Biology
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Přírodovědecká fakulta

Citace
Obor Zoologie
Klíčová slova developmental instability; fluctuating asymmetry; heterosis; hybrid zone; Mus musculus; skull shape
Popis Fluctuating asymmetry (FA) of a body is expected to be related to an organism’s developmental instability. We studied patterns of FA in the ventral side of the skull along a transect across the central-European portion of the hybrid zone between two house mouse subspecies, Mus musculus musculus and Mus musculus domesticus. We found that FA was not significantly different between introgression classes relative to differences between localities within those classes and that the within-class differences were much larger than differences between individual-signed asymmetries within localities. However, if year was added to the same analysis as another factor, FA was not significantly different among localities within the same introgression class. When individual asymmetries were plotted against individual hybrid indices, hybrids appeared more asymmetric than individuals from outside of the zone. Thus contrary to previous studies, we did not find lower FA indicating heterotic effect in hybrids for the traits studied. It is suggested that the impact of hybridization on FA in the ventral side of the mouse skull is negligible or overwhelmed by other factors.