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Complementing Semi-deterministic Büchi Automata

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BLAHOUDEK František HEIZMANN Matthias SCHEWE Sven STREJČEK Jan TSAI Ming-Hsien

Druh Článek ve sborníku
Konference Tools and Algorithms for the Construction and Analysis of Systems 22nd International Conference, TACAS 2016
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

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Citace
WWW http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-662-49674-9_49
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-49674-9_49
Obor Informatika
Klíčová slova Buchi automata;complementation
Popis We introduce an efficient complementation technique for semi-deterministic Büchi automata, which are Büchi automata that are deterministic in the limit: from every accepting state onward, their behaviour is deterministic. It is interesting to study semi-deterministic automata, because they play a role in practical applications of automata theory, such as the analysis of Markov decision processes. Our motivation to study their complementation comes from the termination analysis implemented in Ultimate Büchi Automizer, where these automata represent checked runs and have to be complemented to identify runs to be checked. We show that semi-determinism leads to a simpler complementation procedure: an extended breakpoint construction that allows for symbolic implementation. It also leads to significantly improved bounds as the complement of a semi-deterministic automaton with n states has less than 4^n states. Moreover, the resulting automaton is unambiguous, which again offers new applications, like the analysis of Markov chains. We have evaluated our construction against the semi-deterministic automata produced by the Ultimate Büchi Automizer. The evaluation confirms that our algorithm outperforms the known complementation techniques for general nondeterministic Büchi automata.
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